Line-2Legge: The second line, dynamic, shows its subject full of apprehension and appealing for sympathy and help. Late at night hostile measures may be taken against him, but he need not be anxious about them.
Wilhelm/Baynes: A cry of alarm. Arms at evening and at night. Fear nothing.
Blofeld: Though disturbed by cries in the night, he who is armed knows no fear. [It is well to be forearmed.]
Liu: A cry of warning. One arms at night against the unexpected without fear.
Ritsema/Karcher: Awe, an outcry. Absolutely-no night-time, possessing arms. No cares.
Shaughnessy: Softly crying out; at dusk and at night there are belligerents; do not pity them.
Cleary (1): If one is cautious and alert, though there be armed troublemakers in the night, one need not worry.
Cleary (2): When there is a cry of alert, even if there are attackers in the night, there is no worry.
Wu: There is a warning of violence at night, but nothing to worry.
COMMENTARYConfucius/Legge: He pursues the course of the due mean. Wilhelm/ Baynes: Despite weapons, no fear -- because one has found the middle way. Blofeld: Being armed and fearless is indicated by the central position of this line. Ritsema/Karcher: Acquiring centering tao indeed. Cleary (2): Because one has attained balance. Wu: Having the central position.
Legge: Line two is dynamic and central -- possessed with determination to do his part in the work of removal. But his eagerness is tempered by being in a magnetic place, and he is cautious. However artful they may be, no attempts to harm him will take effect.
NOTES AND PARAPHRASESSiu: The man remains alert to unseen dangers at all times. Hostile measures against him will fail even at night because of his guarded alertness.
Wing: It is best now to develop a continuous caution and inner strength. Behave as though you are constantly in danger. Through intense awareness you gain in security and need not fear difficulties.
Editor: Psychologically, "late at night" is when consciousness is asleep and vulnerable and when autonomous forces within the psyche are most powerful. However, this line displays a strength that is balanced and conscientious: despite anxiety he is able to take care of himself. The line can be a warning to prepare yourself against approaching stress.
A cry of alarm. Arms at evening and at night.Nine in the second place means:If by setting one's heart right every morning and evening, [a samurai] is able to live as though his body were already dead, he gains freedom in the Way. His whole life will be without blame, and he will succeed in his calling. Yamamoto Tsunetomo -- The Book of the Samurai
Readiness is everything. Resolution is indissolubly bound up with caution. If an individual is careful and keeps his wits about him, he need not become excited or alarmed. If he is watchful at all times, even before danger is present, he is armed when danger approaches and need not be afraid. The superior man is on his guard against what is not yet in sight and on the alert for what is not yet within hearing; therefore he dwells in the midst of difficulties as though they did not exist. If a man develops his character, people submit to him of their own accord. If reason triumphs, the passions withdraw of
themselves. To be circumspect and not to forget one's armor is the right way to security.