kind of suddenly (and finally) snapped (or slapped) to full attention mode.
lot less Yi henceforth, and other distractions.
51-- Shock/Thunder -- 51
HEXAGRAM NUMBER FIFTY-ONE –
SHOCK/THUNDEROther titles: The Arousing, Thunder, The Symbol of Startling Movement, Shake, The Beginning of Movement, Shocking, The Thunderclap, Action, Motion, Sudden Change, Surprise! "The necessity to keep tranquil in the midst of upheaval." -- D.F. Hook
JudgmentLegge:Shock intimates ease and development. When the time of movement which it indicates comes, the subject of the hexagram will be found looking out with apprehension, and yet smiling and talking cheerfully. When the movement like a crash of thunder terrifies all within a hundred miles, he will be like the sincere worshipper who is not startled into dropping his ladle and cup of sacrificial spirits.
Wilhelm/Baynes:Shock brings success. Shock comes --oh, oh! Laughing words -- ha, ha! The shock terrifies for a hundred miles, and he does not let fall the sacrificial spoon and chalice.
Blofeld: Thunder -- success! Thunder comes with a terrible noise, laughing and shouting in awesome glee and frightening people for a hundred miles around. The sacrificial wine is not spilt. [This suggests that the holder of the sacrificial vessel is not easily alarmed or else that he is very wise and able to distinguish between the apparently dangerous and the truly dangerous.]
Liu: Thunder. Success. Thunder comes -- ho ho! Speaking and laughing -- ha ha! It shocks and terrifies for a hundred miles. But one does not drop the spoon or chalice.
Ritsema/Karcher: Shake, Growing. Shake coming: frightening, frightening. Laughing words, shrieking, shrieking. Shake scaring a hundred miles. Not losing the ladle, the libation. [This hexagram describes your situation in terms of a disturbing and inspiring shock. It emphasizes that rousing things to new activity, the action of Shake is the adequate way to handle it. To be in accord with the time, you are told to: stir things up!]
Shaughnessy:Thunder: Receipt; thunder comes so renewingly; laughter and talk yaya; thunder alarms one hundred miles; not losing the ladle or goblet.
Cleary (1): Thunder is developmental. When thunder comes, there is alarm, then laughter. Thunder startles for a hundred miles, but one does not lose the spoon and wine.
Cleary (2):Thunder comes through. Etc.
Wu:Motion indicates pervasiveness. When Motioncomes, it frightens people. Later, it makes people talk and laugh. Its majesty reaches one hundred li in all directions. There is no misplacement of the ladle or sacrificial wine.
The ImageLegge: The image of Thunder, being repeated, forms Shock. The superior man, in accordance with this, is fearful and apprehensive, cultivates his virtue, and examines his faults.
Wilhelm/Baynes: Thunder repeated: the image of Shock. Thus in fear and trembling the superior man sets his life in order and examines himself.
Blofeld: This hexagram symbolizes continuous thunder. The Superior Man in fear and trembling seeks to improve himself.
Liu: Thunder doubled symbolizes shock. The superior man contemplates himself with fear and caution.
Ritsema/Karcher: Reiterated thunder. Shake. A chun tzu uses anxious fearing to adjust inspecting.
Cleary (1):Traveling thunder reverberates. Thus superior people cautiously practice introspection.
Cleary (2): Repeated thunder reverberates. Developed people practice introspection with caution.
Wu: One thunderclap after another constitutes hexagram Motion. Thus the jun zi reflects and rectifies for fear of being wrong.
COMMENTARYConfucius/Legge: His feeling of dread leads to happiness because he is thereby made to adopt proper laws for himself. The movement startles the distant and frightens the near, yet he makes the proper sacrifices the same as always.
Legge: Shock consists of the trigram for Thunder doubled. (This trigram also represents Movement and the Eldest Son.) The hexagram therefore symbolizes a crash or peal of thunder, and combined with the idea of movement shows a sudden change taking place in the kingdom. The lesson is the conduct to be pursued in a time of sudden change through an awareness of danger and the proper regulation of oneself.
A successful issue is predicted if the dynamic first line can be superior to the two magnetic lines above him. It is in the idea of the hexagram that he should be moving and advancing. Although sensible of the danger, he is confident and self-possessed -- so much so that he can calmly perform his religious duties during the prevailing chaos. This is proper behavior for the eldest son, who must eventually assume the duties of his father.
Anthony: In the I Chingshock means being subjected to unsettling events. It also means perceiving and reacting to these events … perceiving, in any of these changes, that a new set of limits, or deprivations, has been placed on our life which seems to restrict or even penalize us. This sense of being projected by events into a sort of emotional trap is what this hexagram calls “Fate.” Acknowledgement of this fate, or trap, and the imperative – to find the way out – is one of the purposes of shock. As far as the I Ching is concerned, there is only one way out – to undergo spiritual development.
NOTES AND PARAPHRASESJudgment: During sudden changes, adjust your tempo and move ahead, remembering that while conditions may alter, the goal remains the same.
The Superior Man double-checks his premises, confronts his weak spots and adheres to the rules and ideals of the Work.
The image here is one of a sudden, dramatic release of energy, power and force. To receive this hexagram without changing lines can refer to almost any abrupt, startling or unexpected situation. Sometimes it is the oracle's way of saying: "Surprise!” It can also be a kind of reprimand for asking a dumb or inappropriate question -- the oracle is "shocked” by your temerity, ignorance, etc. In such instances there is often an element of wry humor in the situation -- usually at the ego's expense. On rare occasions, it is possible to receive this hexagram as a warning about an upcoming event which has no bearing on the question posed. Should you receive such an oracle, be extremely vigilant – as always, the advice to the superior man in the Image suggests the proper course.
A true test of devotion to the Work is to maintain one's will under all circumstances. The world may be falling apart around us, but the adept does not ruin the performance of his sacrifice: the ego continues the Work regardless of conditions, and keeps a cool head under all circumstances.
Both Yahweh and Christ are what Jung calls "god images” which exist in one form or another in every human psyche, whether it is consciously religious or not. The god image is synonymous with the Self, and the implication of the above quotation from Proverbs is that as long as the ego remains devoted to the Work -- in I Chingterms: "maintains the sacrifice” -- it is under the protection of the Self.Have no fear of sudden terroror of assault from wicked men,since Yahweh will be your guarantor,He will keep your steps from the snare.Proverbs 3: 25-26
Line-2Legge: The second line, dynamic, shows its subject treading a path that is level and easy -- a quiet and solitary man, to whom, if he be firm and correct, there will be good fortune.
Wilhelm/Baynes: Treading a smooth, level course. The perseverance of a dark man brings good fortune.
Blofeld: The recluse treads his path peacefully. Righteous persistence will bring good fortune.
Liu: Treading in a safe and peaceful way. The man in seclusion carries on. Good fortune.
Ritsema/Karcher: Treading tao, smoothing, smoothing. Shade people, Trial: significant.
Shaughnessy: Treading the road so sincerely; the dark man's determination is auspicious.
Cleary (1): Treading the path evenly, the aloof person is upright and fortunate.
Cleary (2): Treading the road; it is level. The person in obscurity is fortunate if upright.
Wu: The trodden road is open and broad. A person in seclusion with perseverance will have good fortune.
COMMENTARYConfucius/Legge: Holding the due mean, he will not allow himself to be thrown into disorder. Wilhelm/Baynes: He is central and does not get confused. Blofeld: The recluse is a fortunate man because he cleaves to the middle path and does not allow himself to be confused. Ritsema/Karcher: Centering, not originating-from disarray indeed. Cleary (2): In the sense of not becoming personally deranged within. Wu: His mind is not disturbed from within.
Legge: Line two occupies the middle of the trigram, which symbolizes a path cut straight and level along a hillside or over difficult terrain. Since the fifth line is not his proper correlate, he is portrayed as a quiet and solitary man.
NOTES AND PARAPHRASESSiu: The quiet and solitary man apprehends the inscrutable. He seeks nothing, holds to the mean, and remains free from entanglements.
Wing: Maintain an ambiance of modesty and moderation. Do not harbor expectations or demands. Do not get involved with the dreams of others or hold overly ambitious goals. In this way you will meet with good fortune.
Editor: There seems to be little essential difference between lines one and two, except that the second line's central position emphasizes the idea of moderation and balance. When two lines in a hexagram have nearly identical meanings it is often helpful to check the corresponding hexagrams and lines created if each were the only changing line -- these will often provide clues as to their differences. In this instance, line one suggests avoiding trouble by minding one's own business; line two avoids trouble by a certain innocent faith in his destined path: a recluse or hermit who ignores the preoccupations of the crowd. Ritsema/Karcher translate "shade" (Wilhelm/Shaughnessy: "dark"), as: "hidden from view, retired, solitary, secret; dark, obscure, occult, mysterious; ignorant."
If I were possessed of Austere KnowledgeA. Stay out of sight, keep a low profile, stick to your own affairs, ignore the crowd -- balanced perception prevents confusion.
Walking on the Main Path [of Tao],
I would avoid the by-paths.
The Main Path is easy to walk on,
Yet people love the small by-paths.
Legge: The fifth line, dynamic, shows the resolute tread of its subject. Though he be firm and correct, there will be peril.
Wilhelm/Baynes: Resolute conduct. Perseverance with awareness of danger.
Blofeld: He treads delicately. Persistence could lead to trouble.
Liu: Continue in a decisive manner. Danger. [There is now a tendency to rush and be careless. By all means stop this, or troubles will mount and disaster will come.]
Ritsema/Karcher: Parting Treading. Trial: adversity.
Shaughnessy: Resolute treading; determination is dangerous.
Cleary (1): Treading decisively. Even if one is upright, there is danger. [It is necessary to be upright and undivided, to master oneself in danger, so that one can avoid the problem of losing what has been gained. This is treading the Path in which there is no one but oneself.]
Cleary (2): Decisive treading is correct yet dangerous.
Wu: He decides on treading. Despite perseverance, he is in a difficult situation. [Use your power wisely and judiciously, or you will fall.]
COMMENTARYConfucius/Legge: This is due to his being in the position that is correct and appropriate to him. Wilhelm/Baynes: The place is correct and appropriate. Blofeld: This trouble could arise despite the suitable position of the line. [A firm line between two firm ones is usually an omen of strength and compatibility, but not in this case. Thus, even though we are quite certain our course is a right one and we therefore follow it boldly, trouble cannot be avoided; we should either walk delicately or refrain from the course altogether.] Ritsema/Karcher: Situation correcting appropriate indeed. Cleary(2): Decisive treading is correct yet dangerous; the position is appropriate. Wu: (This is) his proper position notwithstanding.
Legge: Beneath the symbolism under line five lies the principle that humility is the better part of propriety. Line five, who is dynamic and central, will not be lacking in this, but bear in mind that the higher he is exalted, the greater may be his fall.
NOTES AND PARAPHRASESSiu: Peril is evident, as when treading on the tail of a tiger. But the man remains aware and resolute, acting with propriety and humility.
Wing: What you propose to do is dangerous, yet your awareness of such danger will give you the strength to succeed. The time requires a firm commitment to your endeavor. If you do not have a real commitment in your heart you should re- examine your path.
Editor: Line five is mentioned in the Confucian commentary for the hexagram as occupying the "God-given position." Nevertheless, despite his will and intelligence, he faces a volatile situation which will demand all of his resources if he is to succeed. Ritsema/Karcher render "adversity," (LI) as: Danger, threatening, malevolent demon ... It indicates a spirit or ghost that seeks revenge by inflicting suffering upon the living. Pacifying or exorcizing such a spirit can have a healing effect. Wu’s commentary offers a useful slant on this: “De-emphasize (your) own opinions – listen to the deliberations of others.”
A. Walking a razor's edge -- maintain vigilance over your choices and be aware of their consequences. The image suggests willpower in the face of potentially disruptive forces. "It all depends on you."The good or ill of man lies within his own will. Epictetus
Legge: The sixth line, dynamic, tells us to look at the whole course that is trodden, and examine the presage which that gives. If it be complete and without failure, there will be great good fortune.
Wilhelm/Baynes: Look to your conduct and weigh the favorable signs. When everything is fulfilled, supreme good fortune comes.
Blofeld: If they watch their step (or look to their conduct) and heed the omens, sublime good fortune will be theirs.
Liu: Observe your conduct and examine the signs carefully. There will be great good fortune.
Ritsema/Karcher: Observing Treading, predecessor auspicious. One's recurring Spring significant.
Shaughnessy: Looking and treading crafty and soaring its revolving; prime auspiciousness.
Cleary (2): Observing the treading, considering what is felicitous, the return is auspicious.
Wu: Examination of the treading records gives a sense of completion. If errors in treading are avoided, there will be great fortune.
COMMENTARYConfucius/Legge: This is a matter for congratulation. Wilhelm/Baynes: The topmost place carries great blessing. Blofeld: The sublime good fortune presaged by this top line takes the form of immense felicity. Ritsema/ Karcher: The great possesses reward indeed. Cleary (2): There is much celebration. Wu: Great joy.
Legge: What is said of line six is good, but is only a truism. The whole course has been shown. If every step has been right and appropriate, the issue will be very good.
NOTES AND PARAPHRASESSiu: The work is ended and the past course is reviewed. If it has been appropriate and thorough, good fortune is assured.
Wing: Take a long look at what your Conduct in the situation has achieved thus far. If you are on the right path you will know by the good it has produced. It is time for a reevaluation of your goals. By examining the past you may now get a glimpse of the future.
Editor: There is an affinity here with the message in the Image of the superior man "discriminating between high and low," and essentially putting his house in order. If this is the only changing line, the hexagram becomes number fifty-eight, Joy, which intimates that one has successfully passed a test -- in which case the line is an injunction to review the situation and see what we did right.
God saw all that He had made,A. The Work is a dynamic process which requires continuous evaluation and adjustment. Review the Work, then review your options.
and indeed it was very good.
Line-4Legge: The fourth line, dynamic, shows its subject retiring notwithstanding his likings. In a superior man this will lead to good fortune. An inferior man cannot attain to this.
Wilhelm/Baynes: Voluntary retreat brings good fortune to the superior man and downfall to the inferior man.
Blofeld: Withdrawal for good reasons -- for the Superior Man, good fortune; for people of mean attainments, misfortune!
Liu: Voluntary retreat is good fortune for the superior man, but not for the inferior man.
Ritsema/Karcher: Loving Retiring. A chun tzu significant. Small People obstructing.
Shaughnessy: Good wielding; for the gentleman auspicious, for the little man negative.
Cleary (1): A superior person who withdraws well is fortunate, an inferior person is not.
Cleary (2): Developed people who withdraw in the right way are fortunate; petty people are not.
Wu: To retreat from what he is fond of is easy for a Jun zi, but not so for a little man.
COMMENTARYConfucius/Legge: A superior man retires notwithstanding his likings; an inferior man cannot attain to this. Wilhelm/Baynes: The superior man retreats voluntarily; this brings downfall for the inferior man. Blofeld: For when, quite rightly, the Superior Man withdraws, lesser men are bound to suffer. Ritsema/ Karcher: A chun tzu lovingly Retiring. Small People obstructing indeed. Cleary (2): Developed people withdraw well; petty people do not. Wu: The Jun zi uses retreat to his advantage, but the little man doesn’t.
Legge: Line four has a proper correlate in the magnetic first line, but as four is the first line in the upper trigram of Strength, he is free to exercise his choice.
NOTES AND PARAPHRASESSiu: The man withdraws, despite his desire to do otherwise. The superior man can retreat in a friendly way, adjusting to the situation, and retaining his convictions. The inferior man is unable to do this.
Wing: If you recognize the moment for Retreat, be certain that you do so with the proper attitude -- that is, willingly. In this way you will adjust easily and progress in your new environment. Those who are filled with emotional turmoil during withdrawal will suffer greatly.
Editor: Psychologically interpreted, to "retire notwithstanding one's likings" is to exercise willpower over an inferior impulse for the good of the Work. The image suggests that you have the requisite strength to do this. It is a truism that when positive libido is withdrawn from something, unsupported inferior forces must wane.
The good is one thing, the pleasant another; these two, having different objects, chain a man. It is well with him who clings to the good; he who chooses the pleasant, misses the end. Katha Upanishad
Legge: The sixth line, dynamic, shows its subject retiring in a noble way. It will be advantageous in every respect.
Wilhelm/Baynes: Cheerful retreat. Everything serves to further.
Blofeld: A "sleek" withdrawal -- everything is favorable! [The Chinese commentators suggest that this means going to live in retirement. They add that the phrase also implies excellent health.]
Liu: Retreat after success. Everything is favorable.
Ritsema/Karcher: Rich Retiring, without not Harvesting.
Shaughnessy: Fattened wielding; there is nothing not beneficial.
Cleary (1): Rich withdrawal is wholly beneficial.
Cleary (2): Withdrawal of the rich is beneficial to all.
Wu: Retreat at his leisure is never disadvantageous.
COMMENTARYConfucius/Legge: He who does so has no doubts about his course. Wilhelm/ Baynes: Because there is no longer any possibility of doubt. Blofeld: In this case, there cannot be the smallest doubt. [I.e. not the smallest doubt as to the wisdom of withdrawal.] Ritsema/Karcher: Without a place to doubt indeed. Cleary (2): Wu: His mind is free from doubt.
Legge: Line six is dynamic, with no correlate in line three to detain him. He vigorously and happily carries out the idea of the hexagram.
NOTES AND PARAPHRASESSiu: No doubt exists as to the need for retirement. The man resigns in a gracious manner.
Wing: You are sufficiently removed from the situation and able to Retreat without guilt or doubt. Here you are blessed with great good fortune. You will find rewarding success in your endeavors.
Editor: The image suggests that you already know what to do in the situation at hand -- remove yourself without further ado.
A. You can remove yourself from the situation at hand with a clear conscience.It is because [the Sage] does not contend that no one in the world can contend against him. Lao-Tse
B. Do not hesitate to abandon an inferior idea immediately.
C. Image of a high-minded or spiritually motivated withdrawal.